& Schulze, L. (2011) state, “Along the logistics network, uncertainty can appear anywhere. At the beginning of the network, even the most reliable supplier could have a late delivery. In the middle, a new machine could fail to work; even it’s just been purchased”. Material flow and scalability largely depends upon the design of the warehouses, headroom available, overhead crane facilities, entry and exit gateways, etc. Total control of a warehouse should ensure faster traceability, accuracy in identification, easy cargo movement and on-line planning. Handling equipment and storage facilities should be utilized safely, efficiently and optimally.
The control of material flow starts with goods reception, storage (include handling for the purpose of storage and delivery) and dispatch. The module of Warehouse Management System should be integrated with the other modules to lend complete support facilities to the warehouse processes and operations with paperless mobile working procedures to ensure cost efficiency, avoidance of congestion and timely delivery. Synchronization of yard management with reference to timings, space, etc. in respect of loading and loading in trucks and trailers and the functions of gate keeping with the warehousing processes is very important in the overall system for effective control of material flow. , Vatuiu, T.
& Tarca, I. 351) state “Logistics planning may include, in addition to transport activities, storage and loading optimizations related to goods or products: stacking, optimizing product placement in relation to the storage”. Material flow in the domestic and international warehouses of the company should be defined with reference to the different interfaces in the system, order management and historical data. & Vijayvargy, L. (2011) states “One of the important open issues in logistics is the effective integration of logistical cost component such as transportation cost with facility location models”.
In the picking assignments within the warehouse, calculation of volume and weight should be inbuilt in the system taking into account, efficiency in usage of pallet space or pallet racks, choice of packaging materials and handling equipments. Gangway and transport route planning is important in avoiding damages, accidents and congestion in the warehousing
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