Locke identifies that the concept of hereditary exists, and he uses Adam to show that even though he was the first human being God did not grant him or his children power to rule over the world (Locke 2). Hobbes also states, “if it be lawful for a monarch to dispose of the succession by words of contract, or testament, men may perhaps object a great inconvenience “(Hobbes 121). The fifth chapter of Prince brings out the strategies that a prince can use in order to occupy states that they have conquered.
However, his arguments of how a prince can manage setting up leadership in foreign land show how politics lacks morality. Chapter 5 explains that leaders can only achieve dominance in a free state if they subject those living in it to a series of unfair treatment. This identifies that Machiavelli did not advocate for democracy in states that were held captive because he credits leaders like Cyrus and Romulus in chapter six for using force to conquer states. Locke touches on power and politics in the society in chapters 6 to 12.
He brings out paternal power and condemns how kings link it to the political world. He criticizes monarchial governments and argues that those who rise into power through absolute monarchy go against nature and civil rights. He argues that no man is above law because he is still a member of the civil society (Locke 31). Machiavelli continues to argue that individuals who progress over time and become leaders cannot be able to maintain their positions, and uses the Duke of Milan to illustrate how manipulation, courage, and wisdom is the only way one can acquire and retain power.
Irony emerges when Machiavelli condemns Princes who acquire kingdoms through treacherous acts but advocates that leaders should inflict pain and then right their wrongs to compel his subjects to forget the despicable acts. This shows that Machiavelli supported the fact that a Prince should have to indulge in acts of crime by stating "therefore, a prince…. .if he is wise ought not to fear the reputation of being mean, for in time he will come to be more considered than if liberal” (Machiavelli 74-75).
Machiavelli’s quote strongly depicts that he only believed in a tyrant-based leadership. Commonwealth is an aspect that Locke and Hobbes talk about and they state that societies formed on its basis live under peace and liberty. Chapter 17 of Leviathan and Chapter
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