Twain goes further to set three main frameworks for his discussions by defining what humans, mammals and other lesser creatures are. This involves ethos because it sets the framework for the discussion and analysis. Then he discusses the issues of the negativity of the human race, starting from the way human beings kill other animals, how powerful people exploit the poor and cheat and this is something that other animals never do. This is a form of pathos that appeals to the emotions of the reader and gets the reader to accept Twain’ s unique viewpoint. He scientifically identifies that animals have emotions and hatreds by saying that “ among the animals, man is the only one that harbors insults and injuries, broods over them, waits till a chance offers, then takes revenge. ” (Twain Para 4).
This is logos and offers a logical explanation of how human beings differ from all other creatures around the world. He then goes on to appeal to the emotions of the reader by stating comparing the harem of roosters to men who force women into sex.
This is pathos. He goes on to mention other animals and what they do or do not do. Then Twain applies ethos by stating that Darwin points out that many animals do the same things as men do. He uses this ethos to show that men are more extreme and more problematic in their actions because they use their uniqueness to do more evil than good and as such, men are worse and more problematic than animals. Twain also goes on to attack practices that exist in societies like cruelties that run through all cultures.
This is logos and it explains different actions and processes in the various parts of the world that the reader can easily connect to. He goes on to jokingly, but cleverly use pathos to present important pointers in which men are more problematic and less adaptive to the benefits of the society than animals. In the concluding point, Twain presents man as a Patriot, Religious individual, Reasoning individual who does not use his competencies and abilities right.
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