Abraham Maslow presented Maslow’ s Hierarchy of Needs theory that is frequently referred to for the illustration of the process of development of motivation in the workers. The theory presents a coherent explanation of the needs of a worker and sets the needs in an orderly fashion so that they get classified according to their importance. This is one theory that people can relate to as it tends to put both of their identifiable and unidentifiable behaviors into black and white. Being a humanistic psychologist, Maslow believed that certain mechanical forces control human beings which may either be of “ stimuli and reinforcements (behaviorism) or of unconscious instinctual impulses (psychoanalysis)” (Simons, Irwin, and Drinnien, 1987).
Humanistic psychologists commonly think that all people tend to achieve a higher and higher level of skills. In his theory, Maslow has characterized human needs into five types and has placed them in a hierarchical order. At the base of the triangle are the physiological needs. These needs include the basic necessities of life like food, air, and water, etc. Life is not possible without these.
Accordingly, unless the physiological and biological needs are met, an individual can not survive. Safety needs come after them, which include protection and security etc. These days, because of economic recession, a lot of employees fear being withdrawn from service as more and more companies are downsizing in order to maximize the profits and minimize the expenses. Lack of job security is a potential cause of lack of motivation among workers in the workplace in the contemporary age. Once the safety needs are met, an individual looks for love and affiliation. This need for workers is also not fulfilled always as many companies require workers to work at distant stations far from their homes and families.
After these needs, a worker looks for status and achievement. Many workers feel that they are not rewarded in accordance with the level of effort they put into the work.
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