Though scientific management has a big role to play in managing business practices within the organisations, it is associated with both advantages as well as disadvantages. With the development of scientific management, Pawlowsky (2001) said that managers are able to tightly control the level of production within the organisation. Performing a task repeatedly makes the employees specialized in a particular field. On contrary, Jaffee (2001) argued that during this process, the employees have a tendency to lose their creativity. It makes them tedious, meaningless and monotonous which in turn diminishes their motivation towards work. According to Kemp (2013), one of the major importances of scientific management is the capability of the company to plan ahead.
He argued that planning before execution of any work avoids unnecessary exhaustion and waste in human labour procedures. On the other hand, Bobrek and Sokovic (2006) argued that planning has a downside as well. It creates inflexibility and rigidity in the work which in turn creates carelessness and dissatisfaction causing a fall in productivity. Jones (2000) said that following the approach of scientific management, results in an increase in the output through restricted tasks.
Nevertheless, Frenkel (2005) said that the performance of these restricted tasks depends on how well an employee can do their job in the given time constraint. This generates a feeling of undervaluation among the employees and could also result in more number of absenteeism. Therefore, scientific management, according to Harpaz (2002) posses the strengths because it gives managers the ability to plan and control and lead to increased productivity level. On the contrary, each of the advantages is associated with downsides as scientific management is responsible for the loss of creativity among employees and inflexibility in the work environment (Frenkel, 2005).
Taylor’s approach to scientific management is a traditional move towards the process of management. With the evolution of Taylor’s theory, there arose several criticisms by different organisational leaders. It is thus important to critically analyse the role of scientific management on the organisations of today and find out that to what extent it is applicable on them (Wagner-Tsukamoto, 2008). Taylor (2004) said that there is a need of developing a
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