The law determines whether employees have right to join labor unions and participate in the union's activities like collective bargaining without any discrimination. The law also stipulates the relationship between the various parties involved. Several acts have been passed over time to explain the rights and duties of each of these involved parties. In 1932 the Norris-La Guardia Act was passed. This law gave the unions a larger voice in raising their grievances while it reduced the power of the federal courts in making a decision pertaining labor. The national Labor relationship Act of 1935 was passed following its push by the then president Franklin Roosevelt.
This law was passed upon the realization of the fact that market forces alone were incapable of maintaining a stable environment and one favorable to employees. In the 1950's The Labor-management reporting and Disclosure Act was formed. This led to the realization that most of the labor unions heads were actually abusing their offices as they were making decisions that only benefited them. Since then, various laws have been passed to explain more about the duties and rights of the parties involved.
Trade unions and management of various organizations form the two main participants in the labor relations process. The government is also a key participant in this process. The trade unions are always in the push for better terms for their members while the management is always concerned with reducing the cost of operation. This often leads to a conflict of interest and normally one group if not careful finds itself to have infringed the rights of the other. The government comes in at this point where it stipulates the laws that govern the relations between these two parties.
The government exercises its power through the courts. Through legislation, the government sets the laws that govern the operation of the courts. The courts solve disputes between the two groups.
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