In period between 1950s and 1960s, Iraq launched campaigns to rid the Iraqi territory of Kurds, a campaign that led to big fight and excessive torture of the Kurds. Many Kurd people were killed during this period. The solution to this war was obtained when the US intervened and engaged the Iraq government to sign a treaty that would give the Kurd people the liberty and freedom to handle their own affairs as they wished. However, this treaty did not last for long as Saddam Hussein in 1975 started war against the Kurdish people.
Saddam Hussein bombed Kurdistan and tested chemical weapons such as cyanide and mustard gas on this region. By the year 1980, the war had killed over 5,000 Kurds and others were injured to a point of permanent disability. There is evidence that the Kurdish people were abused by the various governments during period inter-country war. For instance, during the Iraq-Iran war, the governments of the two countries issued the civilians with weapons to fight against the rival country. This resulted to death of more Kurdish people and the consequent reduction in their population.
Kurdistan has experience severe internal conflicts within themselves, hence weakening their national voice. One of the reasons why internal conflicts emerged is due to the difference in interest that was influenced by the country that they lived. For instance, those within the Iraq boundary were different from those who lived in Turkey. As all of them had different governments to deal with, they had different political tastes and preferences. As a result, it became hard for them to arrive into a concession on what strategies to take in their journey towards political freedom.
Internal conflicts were manifested as Kurds in different countries fought against each other and against the respective host governments. The internal disunion between the people of Kurdistan served to weaken their political structure as different political parties pursued different political goals. For instance, in 1997, the power sharing treaties between the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan fall apart in and a civil war ensued between the nationalists. This war did not come to an end until in 1998 when the Washington agreement was signed by the two parties.
Today, the Kurds are estimated to be about 41 million in population. The current Kurd culture is way different from the traditional culture of the people. The cultural and language alterations have taken place due to the inflow of people from different cultures and refugees who have escaped war from other countries such as Iraq.
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