This research tells that Marx revealed that capitalists within the society take advantage of the services rendered by the workers in exchange of limited salaries aside from preventing most of the people from being able to acquire their own property. Since the workers, in general, are being exploited by their employers, Marx revealed that it is not right for workers to assume that the market creates value for their services. Because of the possible conflict between the laborers and the capitalists, Marx suggested the need to destroy the existing structure of capitalism in order to solve the evolving socio-economic problems in the society.
In relation to the perception of Marx with regards to capitalism, Durkheim suggested the strong need for socio-economic reformation as a way to effectively solve the conflicting interests of the capitalists and the laborers. Because of the continuous economic development within a society, Durkheim explained the identity of each individual will gradually be destroyed because of the possibility wherein the elite and the capitalists would gain strong control in terms of manipulating the society. Durkheim explained that the evolution in the socio-economic status of each nation can be noted with the presence of division in the workforce.
With this in mind, Durkheim predicted the possibility that developments in capitalism could result in the shift from agriculture to an industrial revolution. Since significant changes in the external workforce structure could affect the social being of each individual, Durkheim explained that socio-economic reforms are necessary to enable us to cope with the continuous changes in the economic activities in each society. Earlier, it was mentioned that Marx’ s idea with regards to the root cause of social class conflicts arises out of capitalism.
Contrary to the perception of Marx with regards to social class conflict, Durkheim considered the absence of a common morality among the people living in each society as the root cause of social class conflicts.
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