Mordecai Kaplan, known as the father of Reconstructionism, who pushed this type of identification of God. In his writings, he said that God chose the Jews and determined to help them with their success (Kaplan, 1937). However, Kaplan was not necessarily suggesting that God was a personality. Instead, he was attempting to say that God was something greater than this. He said, “ God is neither a being nor a philosophical abstraction. God is a creative force in the universe. He was an inspiration to the Jews and the voice that gave with both hands" (1937).
Even here, though, God seems to be a greater than normal personality, something physically present but invisible. Other writers have instead suggested that it was not God who contributed to the success of the Jews, but the genius of the people as it was expressed and acted upon by the Jewish people themselves, suggesting that God is not a physical entity or identity, but is instead a sort of overpowering metaphorical idea. Jews have always thrived on social responsibility and on a creative energy that is unique to them.
Felix Adler, Kaplan’ s teacher, made the point that when we talk to God we speak metaphorically (Adler, 1880). When mentioning the great power that is God, he said, people never say things that are literally true but are instead metaphors attempting to describe what they're feeling or struggling with -- using God as a means of explaining something larger than anything they can comprehend without such metaphors. Some say that the world being so vast and beautiful and full of meaning is what gave birth to the idea of God.
The idea that there is someone out there who created everything humans admire and enjoy is comforting and gives people someone to thank. To some, God is an individual, like a person, but to many others, God is merely a power that exists high above and has power over all. Throughout the Bible and Jewish history, different individuals have had their arguments and disagreements with and about God. Although God is the almighty power above, not everyone always agrees regarding His messages and intentions which causes problems.
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