The carative factors are not the main theory of Jean Watson but one of its components. The major elements of the Caring Theory are: a) carative factors, b) transpersonal caring relationship, and c) caring occasion/caring moment (Cara, 2003). The 10 elements of the carative factors are the following: a) humanistic-altruistic system of value, b) faith-hope, c) sensitivity to self and others, d) helping-trusting, human care relationship, e) expressing positive and negative feelings, f) creative problem-solving caring process, g) transpersonal teaching-learning, h) supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment, i) human needs assistance, and j) existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces (Watson, 1988b, p.
75, as cited in Cara, 2003). The carative factors approach emphasizes its difference from medicine’s “curative” approach by providing a structure in comprehending nursing as a science of caring (Watson, 1985, pp. 9-10, as cited in Tomey, & Alligood, 10 Carative, 2006). The curative factors search for a cure of the illness identified; the carative factors, on the other hand, apply caring during the process to assist the patient attain the state of health or die peacefully (Watson, 1985, p.
7, as cited in Tomey, & Alligood, 10 Carative, 2006). The carative factors are interventions applied in nursing (Fawcett, 2002). The transpersonal caring relationship involves a distinct relationship in caring wherein the nurse morally committed to protect the sublime self, and communicate the caring consciousness unto the patient, thus, creating a connection between the carer and the patient (Cara, 2003). In this relationship, objective evaluation of the condition of the patient is transcended. The objective ego is not included in the picture, but the deeper spiritual connection that would promote healing, preserving dignity, and enhancement of humanity, wholeness and inner harmony (Cara, 2003).
The objective of nursing is to help the individual attain greater harmony of the mind, body and soul, which would allow for increase in knowledge of self and respect for self, and ultimately pave way for self-healing and self-care (Fawcett, 2002). The caring moment is the period wherein the nurse and another person interact that provides an occasion for human caring (Watson, 1988b, 1999, as cited in Cara, 2003). During this moment, the nurse becomes aware of the opportunity to care for someone.
The nurse is aware of his or her presence with the patient (Watson, 1999, as cited in Cara, 2003).
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