In this context, the study of Ahmed showed that ‘ the comparatively newly arrived Muslim minorities in Europe, whether they be in Britain, France or Germany, are themselves experiencing much of the same discrimination and many of the same difficulties faced by previous generations of Jewish immigrants’ . In accordance with the above study, the discrimination faced by Muslims across Europe is considered to be similar with the discrimination showed towards other ‘ teams’ of the population in each specific European country. Under these terms, the existence of Islamophobia could be strongly doubted: there is no fear of specific cultural or racial characteristics; it is rather a ‘ hesitant’ reaction towards cultures, races, and religion of minorities within a particular country.
The behavior of the citizens and the government of each state around the world towards minorities has been extensively promoted through the media; in many cases the specific behavior – even if hostile – is justified under the terms that the safety or other rights of the public within a particular state is being put under risk. A characteristic example of the role of media in the development of ‘ fear’ towards minorities of specific cultural and racial characteristics is the case of USA after the events of September the 11th.
The specific issue was examined by Ahmad (2006). In the study of the above researcher it was proved that ‘ the vast majority of respondents were eager to talk about the perceived links between Islamophobia and its promotion via the media; many felt that the war on terrorism and the clash of civilizations hypothesis constituted an overtly Islamophobic discourse--as a result of ignorance, the perpetuation of misconceptions about Islam, and the medias failure to modify offensive terminology’ (Ahmad, 2006, 965).
In other words, ‘ Islamophobia’ should not be considered as highly expanded even in countries where the existence of minorities belonging to the specific culture/ religion is believed to be a threat for the safety of the majority of citizens.
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