According to Gilligan, “there is a great deal of evidence that is at least consistent with the conclusion that capital punishment is more likely to stimulate violence than to prevent it” (751). In other words, this legalized revenge leads to a tightening of manners, for all participants get used to the murder and that murder is normal. As a result, people can easily kill other people, because human life is devalued. Section 3. On the contrary, it seems that the death penalty is moral. For as Pojman says, “the death penalty as punishment for the most serious crimes is morally justified” (51).
Pojman bases his position on the idea that every person has the right to a moral choice. People can commit either kind or cruel acts based on their moral choice. Intentional killing of an innocent human being is so evil that it justifies the death penalty against the killer. No one has the right to deprive an innocent human being of his/her life. Anyone who dares to do it is to die. The validity of the death penalty is that the killer is deprived of the right to life when he/she commits his/her cruel act by killing an innocent person.
The killer loses the opportunity to have human rights including the right to life. The fact of a murder automatically gives the opportunity to apply an appropriate punishment by death. This view is consistent with the theory of retributivism. This theory suggests three main ideas: 1) the offender must be punished, 2) the punishment should be applied only to the offender, that is, the person who actually committed the crime, and 3) the offender deserves the punishment, proportional to the severity of his/her crime. In addition, it seems that the death penalty is moral because the death penalty brings frees the society from dangerous criminals.
In particular, according to the English philosopher John Locke, “restraint and reparation are said to be what justify punishment” (Calvert 215-216). As it is known, many criminals are prone to recidivism, which means that out of prison, they can continue killing innocent people. The death penalty is thus a way that prevents the possibility of committing new murders by a criminal. Finally, it seems that the death penalty is moral because it is a proof of the desire of society to protect the value of the lives of innocent people.
In fact, “disrespect for the sanctity of life must be punished” (Rodriguez). The practice of the death penalty should not be considered as an inhumane phenomenon. On the contrary, the death penalty indicates that society cannot forgive the murder of an innocent person, because his/her life is priceless and as well as other people, this person has the right to life.
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