The essence of such an evaluation is to give facts on the socio-economical knowledge regarding various conservation areas all over the world. There will be various tasks to be examined during in the assessment. First will be to assess the levels and ways the population is displaced. Then assess the data at hand regarding conservation areas. From assessing data then determine the available schemes that have been put in place to generate wealth meant for the local population living near the heritage sites. Finally will be to show how lack of information about displacement and local wealth creation has resulted is distributed in all the regions (Hamber&Canney, 2012, pp. 23). A Case study in Australia In 974 Australia was among the first countries to sign into the World Heritage Convention.
After the ratification, nineteen new sites have been included on the world heritage conventional list. Among them are four heritage sites important for cultural and natural universal values such as the Willlandra Lakes, Kakadu National Park, Ulurukata Tjuta National Park, and Tasmanian Wilderness. There have been several contentious issues on the engagement of the local population in managing the World Heritage sites and especially the nomination process.
Some scholars feel that the four Heritage sites are not enough, specifically for not noticing the rights and obligations to the country, then the failure to include the indigenous Australians’ traditions (Janssen, 2014, pp. 622-629). The four World heritage sites vary in levels of decision making depending on the traditional Indigenous owners. In the original steps to try to determine the potential heritage sites, the first condition was the inclusion of both the cultural and natural values that meets World Heritage requirements and secondly, the nominated sites had to approve by the Traditional Aboriginal Owners of the region.
If the nominations go through, then the World Heritage Committee is satisfied, then these will be a unique international example from Australia because it will be a demonstration of respect to the Indigenous people or the local population. In addition, it highly expected that the process would honor the United Nations Declaration regarding the rights of the indigenous people. According to Altman, in Australia there has been biological diversity occurrence in areas that we have indigenous Australian ecology.
The indigenous traditional ecological knowledge and natural resource management are interrelated.
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