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The Relationship between Intergovernmental Organizations and Non-governmental Organizations

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NGOs are not just pressuring groups that lobby governments and IGOs but they are attempting to shape public affairs by working within and across societies themselves. NGOs do not only focus on the causal processes and conditions of success but they also highlight the role of NGOs and social movements as the expression of direct citizen action. While the NGOs are taken as actor perspective, usually it was often taken for granted that NGOs were ‘ forces of goods’ ; now a bulk of normative literature argues that civil society and NGOs, should be involved in the politics.

The core assumption is that the increased participation of non-state actors will contribute to the democratic legitimacy and public accountability of international governance (Stefffek, 2007). Despite the fact that NGOs are working shoulder to shoulder with IGOs, many government leaders express hostile attitudes to NGOs. The factors that explain irrationality between these two institutions is that the increased impact of NGOs has caused resentment among those whom they criticize. Secondly, NGOs claim to be the voice of people; they attain greater legitimacy than governments, which deeply offends the government officials.

Lastly, the violence and revolutionary attitudes that are associated with some of the participants in a series of anti-globalization demonstrations diminished the status of the other NGOs. Virtually all the government leaders, either in domestic or global politics, include those who have expressed hostility towards them, work with the NGOs and expect the most active NGOs to be allies, in support of their current political goals (Willetts, 2006). Other than this contribution, according to a report, approximately 90 percent of aid coordinated by the United Nations is solely provided by NGOs, 95 percent of which is provided by only 35 to 40 major European and American organizations.

Worldwide NGOs are present in thousands that vary widely in their professionalism, performance, sense of responsibility, and attention to standards in accordance with the Humanitarian Code of Conduct (Lawry, 2009). ExampleDue to the advocacy by NGOs, the institutional framework for the consideration of human rights is developing rapidly. Here an Asian example would be considered where NGOs have formed networks including semi-official NGOs such as ASEAN-ISIS and government and legislative officials so that they can work towards institutionalizing ASEAN activities regarding human rights.

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