The religious beliefs are diverse with reports of having Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism. Some of the people do not have a belief in God. These two researchers developed different culture types and approaches to culture. They also classified and differentiated in various countries globally. Here seems to be quite a complex relationship between the management in the organizations and culture. This is because both of these factors are dynamic and evolving constantly by the day. Pure cultures do not exist in organizations; rather the organizations are rich in cultural diversity.
Individual countries are made up of people with mixed cultures. The management styles practised in organizations need therefore to be hybrid in order to effectively handle and accommodate the different culture types. For example, the German has a culture of expertise and professionalism and they are second to none. They are however overtaken by the culture in the United Kingdom who are better leaders. If the two culture typologies are differentiated and segregate such that each act on its own one wi9ll miss out on what the other culture has.
The hybridization of culture types is hence useful. According to the research conducted by Hofstede and Trompenaars, culture types have been classified and the suggestion of having the typologies as the measure of culture put forward, Hofstede, G. (2001). For example, the researcher Trompenaars developed different categories of countries as either having a task-oriented style of leadership or leadership that has a style with a relationship-leadership orientation. This approach simply reduces the complexity of leadership to merely two variables. The same approach by Trompenaars makes the recommendation with the effect that a phenomenon as complex as culture be approached and perceived from the direction of whether the management style preferred is task-oriented or relationship-oriented.
This has simplified cross-cultural management to a large extent and neither life nor management can be that easy.
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