In general, if the student being bullied gets expelled for being in a fight which resulted in severe injuries, there are students who would find such a move as fair. However, there are those who would not be happy with such an outcome and term it as unfair because the student reacted because of being bullied. In another example, if a group of students decides to stop going to class and another group decides to go to class, punishing the whole group would not lead to a greater perception of fairness among the students.
The connection between justice theory and the different components of justice is also applicable in such a school setting. The components of justice include distributive justice, procedural justice and interactional justice. In distributive justice, it involves allocating rewards in a fairway. In theory, distributive justice shows that the principle of equity is accepted by the decision-makers or the people who are affected by the decisions made. Under the law of equity, the idea is behind this is that those with greater inputs get greater outcomes and the lower the input, the lower the outcomes.
To see a situation as fair, evaluation should take place based on the individual ratio of what they view as appropriate. For example, in the mentioned case scenario in a school setting, the situation becomes fair, if the student who bullies and the one who is bullied are both punished. If there are special needs which are taken into consideration and the grievance committee in the organization decides the final outcome, the situation may also be viewed as fair. In the second example, if the students who stopped going to class were punished and the others are not punished, it would still lead to a greater perception for the management.
Under procedural justice, there are certain procedures to carry out during decision-making. The perceived fairness of these procedures in organizations is the key to decision-making (Roche, Teague, and Colvin 177). For example, by giving people the choice of voicing their opinions or what is helpful to them while decision-making; people develop a sense of control.
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