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Information Technology in Society: Searching, Digital Divide, Copyright, and Politics

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The highest numbers of people who use the internet reside in urban centers while there is limited or no access to internet services in rural areas. The level of education also determines the access to a technology whereby the most educated have easier access to this technology due to their wide knowledge and ability to embrace technology.   According to Hoffman and Novak, racial disparity is also a major contributor to the digital divide within American society. From his findings, it was evident that the whites compared to the African Americans had higher access to the internet as the majority of them owned personal computers in their homes (Alkalimat 2001).

However, he continues to say that the technological gap between the two groups is not entirely due to race but due to the financial element, which according to him creates the affordability of computers. He, however, contradicts himself by concluding that based on race, the digital divide cannot be substantiated in cases where students for example from both races have access to home computers (Hoffman et alp 393). From his conclusion, it is true to say that the digital divide does exist but the main factors which correlate with it are education, economic status of the sampled group as well as areas of residence i. e.

either urban or rural. Task 3: Copyright Copying or using information based on another person’ s ideas without his authority is a crime that is punishable by law (Morris 2009 p 290). However, people especially the young and the uneducated have been observed as not to care whether the files they are sharing are copyrighted or not.

This according to research mostly affects the music industry whereby it denies musicians the chance to excel and benefit from their efforts. This behavior is prevalent among 70% of all internet users who according to research, share the copyrighted files with other users. The most affected group consists of students and persons who have low income (Darrell 2008 p 300). According to them, it would be uneconomical to buy original data which could be expensive as compared to the copyrighted materials which could be free or cheaper than the original.

However, the most learned, for example, college graduates and older persons have a negative attitude towards file sharing and copyrighted material. As such, they do not involve themselves in the vice though, at times, a small number of this group does it.  

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