The human factor plays a role in demanding for new products and methods that help to increase organizational efficiency. The two paradigms include the social determinism and the technological determinism. In social determinism, human behavior is considered to be determined by social interactions and constructs. The actions of individuals that are determined by society can be influenced by the forces believed to be controlling the flow of ideas. The actions of individual’s reactions and actions are seen to be adhered to the social rules that are imposed on them. Hence, the social institutions can be used to create ideologies that are of significance in shaping the public’s frame of opinion supporting an agenda. On the other hand, technological determinism presumes that the development of the social structure as well as the cultural values is driven by the technology in the society.
It seeks to show technological development. Hence, it is an approach that is used in identifying technology or advances in technology as the main process of bringing change in the society. As technology stabilizes in the society, the behavior of the users in the society gets dictated by its design. Socio-technical systems and its subsystem that are in practice are faced with several problems that comprise chains of problems rather than collective problems.
Subjective interpretation is needed since problems are usually embedded in uncertainty. Subjectivity in socio-technical systems cannot be avoided. What matters most are the unique systems? The design principles of the socio-technical system can be applied successfully to the design of information. Computing technology is part of a broader socio-technical system consisting of humans, human activities, spaces, artifacts, and communication media among others. Technology serves to increase the efficiency of the flow of information, and the social factors can help improve the knowledge asset comprehension.
For effective work, they both need each other. For any organization, change is always good and sometimes the biggest motivator turns out to be the fear of the unknown. Changes are allowing the best for the organization and employees learning new skills, exploring new opportunities and exercising their creativity in ways adding benefit to the organization through inputting new ideas and increasing commitment (Maguire
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