There must be loopholes within the system that are contributing to this very shameful phenomenon that continues to undermine our democracy. It is very awkward to believe that Blacks and Hispanics who make up lower portion of the entire population of the country commit more crimes than the Whites and that state and federal prisons fits them more appropriately. Contributing factors There is good evidence that in school, students from African American families receive harsher purnishments than those from White. Students from Blacks as well as Hispanic families constitute more than seventy percent of all the students either arrested or reffered to the law enforcement authorities.
Blacks make up fourty percent while Hispanics make up twenty percent of all the youth jailed. According to Snyder and Dillow (2012), African American students make up the largest percentage of the students arrested in schools. During the 2009-2010 academic years, the number of students arrested was ninety six thousand while those reffered to the law enforcement were two hundred and fourty two thousand. Of these students, more than seventy percent came from Blacks and Hispanic families.
Very harsh purnishments in school, that include suspensions and arrests, have contributed to the large number of youth from Blacks and Hispanic families to fall in the hands of juvenile system of justice and at a very early age. The rate of juvenile incarceration is higher among the youth from African American families and the probability of receiving jail sentences is much higher compaired with their White classmates (Roberts, 2004). Despite the fact that Blacks juvenile youth account for about only sixteen percent of the overall youth population, thirty seven percent of their cases find their way to the the criminal court.
From these courts, around fifty-eight percent of Blacks youth find themselves in adult jails. In addition, other contributing factors relate to the family set up, poor forms of parenting, child abuse as well as family violence. While growing up right from birth, a child needs the attachment and the bonding, care and love from all the two parrents. This is what is responsible for the good growth and development of the child (Shonkoff and Phillips, 2000).
Lack of supervision and appropriate displinary methods for children greatly contributes to criminal behavior among children when they grow into adults. In addition, absence of father and poverty are also very risky factors to the escalation of the problem.
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