They regarded chaos as the first thing that ever came into existence. It was the source out of everything that was created. Everything in this concept included the universe and the gods. The others who were, Gaia and Tartarus then emerged from Chaos. Gaia was referred to as the earth and Tartarus were the underworlds. Later others came into existence. These were, for instance, Eros which signified love and Nyx which was the god of darkness (Naddaf 18). The next primeval god was Erebus. He was the god of darkness.
Erebus was personified as darkness. Erebus was said to have fathered another deity referred to as Nyx. He was also the father of the upper atmosphere or Aether and day or Hemera. There have been some definitions of Erebus as the infernal region located below the earth. It was said that Hades still refers to Erebus himself. His father, Chaos was an asexual God hence producing Erebus and his sister Nyx (Christopoulos, Karakantza & Levaniouk 144). According to Greek mythology, Nyx and Erebus also had their children. The name Erebus can be difficult to tell where it came from due to the numerous meanings and origin of it.
The name is perceived to have originated from a European language that had two words, darkness, and night. Others believed that the name Erebus could be Semitic that is sunset evening, to signify darkness. Nyx arose to be the father of darkness (Napoli & Balit 96). She was married to Erebus, and they had children such as Hypnos, who signified sleep, Thanatos signified death, Geras signified old age and Eris signified strife.
Nyx was revealed to have exceptional power and magnificence. The Greeks believe that she is only found in the shades of the world and is only seen in hints (Christopoulos, Karakantza & Levaniouk 146). Aether represented the bright upper air in heavens. He was an example of the pure upper air that provided air for the gods. The upper air was considered to be special as opposed to the normal air that the mortals breathed. His wife was Hemera, who signified the goddess of daytime. They had a child, Thalassa that was the ancient goddess of the sea (Correa). Gaia and Uranus were the next pairs of gods.
Gaia preceded chaos. She was believed to be the eternal seat of immortals that possessed Olympus, who was above and Tartarus, who was below. Gaia was perceived to be the goddess of the earth and one of the primordial gods. She was also referred to as the “great mother of all. ” Uranus
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