This period causing affected individuals to experience physical and psychological symptoms including low sex drive and erectile dysfunction, lack of energy, loss of body hair, depression and mood changes, decreased bone density resulting to osteoporosis, reduction of lean body mass and muscle mass strength, and escalation of fat around internal organs. Other studies also reveal the association of andropause with Alzheimer’s disease (Brawer 10). In addition, age is a strong factor in the occurrence of this illness. Reports show that men aged 40 to 49 years have a maximum of 5% chance in getting andropause, men aged 50 to 59 has a wide range of 6% to 40% chance, those between 60 and 69 years are likely to have one at 45% probability, while those under 70 to 79 years of age have 70% chance to have it.
Ultimately, 90% of men who live over 80 years old suffer from andropause. Consequently, workplace environment may encourage the onset of premature andropause brought by exposure to estrogen through excessive female hormone stimulation particularly in plastics and pharmaceutical factories, workplace near incinerators, and farms that use pesticides (Brawer 9). However, it is essential to contemplate that the symptoms of andropause may affect men in different ways and in varying degrees.
Most importantly, not all middle-aged to elderly males experience this stage in their sexual life and if they do, it is in gradual manner unlike the abrupt changes that menopause brings to women. To determine the nature of the symptoms, doctors take blood tests from patients and check for testosterone levels using the analog free testosterone method (Vermeulen 7). The causes of andropause are comprised not only by the decrease in testosterone but with the increase of the sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels as well.
SHBG binds some available testosterone available in the blood. As SHBG increases, more testosterone are pulled out of the blood which results to the reduction of bioavailable testosterone or the available amount of testosterone available for use by the body. Despite these observations, one cannot rule out the possibility of other diseases that may cause the symptoms since the age factor in males increases the bodys susceptibility to infection and stress.
For instance, erectile dysfunction may be an effect of vascular or neurogenic disorders. Other conditions that may influence and modify testosterone levels in diseases and lifestyle include acute
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