The political model is based on particular principles that dictate that a nation's actions are best understood as the result of politics and negotiation by its top leaders, and even if they share a goal, leaders differ in how to achieve it because of such factors as personal interests and background. Additionally, if a leader holds absolute power they must gain a consensus with their inferior or risk having their order misunderstood or ignored, and if a leader is certain enough, they will not seek input from their advisors, but rather, approval; similarly, if a leader has already implicitly decided on a particular course of action, an advisor wishing to have influence must work within the framework of the decision the leader has already made. Some of the Human Services in Allegheny County leaders in the case study have various problems that lead to the questioning of their leadership principles and capabilities; for instance, in the case study, it is shown that women without employment were forced to compromise themselves to work over the meal.
All the same, as for the aspects of the political model the case study was also for the best of the county since now Foerster and Lawrence among other leaders would be able to implement their goals and visions for Allegheny County. Policy Process modelThe policy process is considered to be a guide for the government in times of catastrophes and puts out that leaders should not look at a crisis as a whole but should break it down and assign it according to pre-established policy; typically, because of time and resource limitations, rather than evaluating all possible courses of action to see which one is most likely to work, leaders settle on the first proposal that adequately addresses the issue.
Relevantly, the leaders gravitate towards solutions that limit short-term uncertainty definitely because of the large resources and time required to fully plan and mobilize actions within a large organization (or government), leaders are effectively limited to pre-existing plans.
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