This paper evaluates the collaboration of programs to cater for the treatment of drug abusing offenders in terms of its history in the U., its current status, evolution today, and the policies that govern the program. According to Hora & Stalcup (2008), as many as 80% of the adults incarcerated for felonies in the U. by 2005 were categorized as regular drug or alcohol abusers, committed violence under the influence of alcohol or drugs, engaged in crime in support of drug use, or were convicted for violation of alcohol or drugs.
For a long time, incarceration was not guided by stringent requirements to support substance abuse offenders change their life patterns such that up their release, offenders would not retreat into alcohol or substance abuse (Hora & Stalcup, 2008). With the introduction of criminal justice supervision, today involve incorporating treatment planning for drug abusing offenders and ensuring that health service providers are aware of the requirements for correctional requirements. In addition, there were conspicuous disparities across ethnic lines between drug use trends, and incarceration in relation to crimes involving drugs, and the access to treatment for substance use (Brown, 2008).
Statistics revealed that the majority of those incarcerated for drug charges was majorly people of colour who also demonstrated low access to treatment, hence poorer treatment results compared to the white population. Roman, Ducharme, & Knudsen (2006) prison treatment programs commenced with project Treatment and Rehabilitation of Addicted Parolees or TRAP that constituted a prerelease component, a transitional model, and aftercare module in 1979. Due to issues with funding, the program did not produce effective results in terms of changing the parolees since no follow up interviews were involved.
Between 1979 and 1987, the number of inmates incarcerated with substance abuse rose drastically yet no treatment was provided to them while in prison as evident in a survey by NIDA or National Institute on Drug Abuse. In order to eliminate the existing barriers to offenders accessing substance abuse treatment, NIDA, in 2002 developed a project to improve substance abuse offender’ s outcomes through the improved substance abuse integration into other public systems on safety and
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