Hence, they advocated the exercising of chastity, piousness and integrity in individual and collective level by suppressing the satanic enticement and temptation and compliance with the commands of God to turn successful and rewarded in the life on earth as well as in the eternal life. Illustrious philosophers of ancient Greece including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and others reiterate the individuals to be modest, supportive and truthful towards others in their dealings both at domestic and professional levels, and do not deceive others while entering into business deals and transactions at large. Socrates lays stress upon working for the welfare of society in general without taking their character or activities in consideration.
Socrates sacrificed his life but remained firm and dauntless in the face of hardships. Instead of making any compromise with the enemies of morality, justice, knowledge and wisdom, he preferred to drink hemlock and leave this mortal world in a highly dignified manner. He did not curse his bitterest opponents, and adopted extreme tolerance towards them. Plato declares virtue as the excellence of soul, and sins, according to him, hurt and spoil the soul.
Plato is of the view that if a man says that justice consists in the repayment of debts, and that good is the debt which a just man owes to his friends, and evil the debt which he owes to his enemies; to say this is not wise; for it is not true, if, as has been clearly shown, the injuring of another can be in no case just. Moral laws are based on the obligations with regard to be good or bad in the eyes of Almighty God.
The philosophers of medieval and classical eras including Descartes, Nietzsche, Kant and Hegel urge the humans to avoid materialism, avariciousness, egocentricity and falsehood; on the contrary, they strongly believe in altruism, tolerance, politeness and modesty instead of getting indulged into aggression, offensiveness, belligerence and injustices, as these moral principles bring happiness to man. These philosophers looked for the peaceful strife against inequalities and injustices, but never supported violence for the eradication of the evil existing in the society. Hence, the prophets, preachers, philosophers unflinchingly argue in favor of morality, justice and integrity in every walk of human life. Renowned German philosopher Immanuel Kant has also presented his theory of moral principles, according to which
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