Thus, understanding the requirements and processes of developing moral reasoning skills will help me greatly in the nursing field. First, it will benefit my knowledge of patient behavior and character. For example, I will be in a better position to handle children, the elderly, and other vulnerable groups. Having adequate moral reasoning knowledge will also improve my relationship with my coworkers because I will be able to make rational decisions in critical situations. These decisions are very vital to the recovery of patients because I need physicians, medical laboratory technologists, pharmacists, and many others to administer adequate care to patients (Herron, 2010). Another critical theory that will augment my moral reasoning is Lawrence Kohlberg’ s propositions of the perfect ‘ stages of moral development. ’ According to Kohlberg, moral reasoning is the epicenter of ethical behavior that contains six crucial developmental stages.
The six steps are grouped into three broad categories, including the pre-conventional stage, current stage, and post-conventional stage. The pre-conventional stage consists of the obedience and retribution orientation as well as the self-interest direction. On the other hand, the general instruction consists of the social conformity and accord, the social norms, as well as the social order and authority sustaining orientation.
Finally, the post-conventional part stipulates the universal ethical principles and the social contract point of reference. Using Kohlberg’ s pre-conventional stage of moral thinking, I will be able to judge the morality of children’ s actions by their direct outcomes. For example, I will be able to establish the principal causes of certain illnesses and behavioral changes in kids to improve their wellbeing. However, adequate knowledge in the current stage will assist me in analyzing problems in adolescents.
My judgment will rely on the general societal views and expectations. Lastly, Kohlberg’ s post-conventional phase, sometimes termed the right stage, will assist me in understanding that patients are separate entities from the community.
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