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How effective is peer mediation at addressing the level of violence in diverse, urban middle schools in the United States

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eer Mediation in Low-Income Urban Middle Schools The George Washington The impact of peer mediation within the school environment has gained a lot of popularity within the public domain. The increase in instances of disruptive, aggressive and violent behavior within schools has triggered many researchers to investigate various remedies to the problem. While there is evidence that a peer-mediation process is a complex process, a wide range of research shows that this process contributes to reduction in instances of violence within the school environment. This research study seeks to investigate the effectiveness of the peer mediation process in reducing violence within low-income, urban middle school in the United States.

Through a quantitative study and closed ended questionnaire, the research will establish the efficiency of this approach in preventing violence within low-income urban middle schools. Additionally, a after sharing a brief theoretical framework for teaching conflict resolution, I explain the project and what successful implementation of the study would look like; then I summarize how middle school students responded to the peer mediation program in the literature review. Keywords Peer mediation, conflict resolution, school violence, school safety, peer intervention, peer counseling Peer Mediation in Low-Income Urban Middle Schools Introduction Peer mediation is a topic that has received a lot of attention in contemporary education.

Peer mediation refers to a structured process used to enable trained pairs of students to act as mediators to help resolve disputes among members of their peer group (Houlston & Smith, 2009). On the other hand, peer counselling refers to a student guidance approach that seeks to empower children to become a vehicle for conflict resolution. Students and teachers are taught conflict resolution skills so that they can help others resolve conflicts and improve school safety.

School Safety refers to the security of the school environment and its inhabitants. While a broad range of researchers have investigated the role of mediation process within the US schools, there has been a shortage of literature that measures the effectiveness of the mediation process in resolving conflicts within diverse, urban middle schools. This research seeks to measure the effectiveness of the peer mediation process in reducing violence within diverse, urban middle schools in the United States.

As a result, the research will provide recommendation for peer mediation and present strategies to improve conflict resolution within US schools.

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