In diabetes the psychological features may influence metabolic control either directly (neurohormonal mechanisms) or indirectly (motivation, slf-care practices). Te psychologists play an important role in the prevention, mnagement and treatment of many of the disease and disorder conditions including, Cronic Mental Illness (CMI), dabetes, crdiovascular diseases. Halth psychologists also aim at educating health professionals like doctors and nurses in communicating with patients in a way that highlights the biopsychosocial factors contributing to disease and therefore helps them develop an appropriate treatment (Ogden, 7. Rcent years have seen the development many theoretical psychological models which are used to analyse health behavior.
Wile playing their delineated roles in the psychological models, halth psychologists make an important contribution in the improvement of the health of the patients. Te biological model (the dominant model of CMI) is based on an assumption that mental illnesses are actually diseases with biological causes. Te dominance of biological model resulted in some important consequences, icluding primary responsibility for treatment to the psychiatrist, povision of a better stand to somatic therapy than the psychological treatment. c To so as to decrease stress in the lives of CMI patients and those vulnerable to it.
Pychologists can help in both the prevention and treatment CMI patients. Tey can educate the mind that thinks negative by means of teaching stress management skills, evironmental management skills and social skills. Rsearch has revealed the benefit of social support in lowering vulnerability to both mental and physical illness (Cohen, 1985). Te cognitive model puts forth the idea that for effective understanding of the CMI it is essential to thereby identify information-processing deficits use cognitive interventions to correct them and reduce the occurrence and severity of psychiatric symptoms (Jacobs, 1980).
Cgnitive models attribute the main deficit in CMI as a set of systematic cognitive distortions. c To intervene with cognitive techniques so as to directly treat cognitive and behavioral abnormalities or deficiencies ( Erickson, 1989). A an example we may state that psychologists help schizophrenic patients’ function better in the society by making use of self-instructional training (Meyers, Mrcatoris, &Sirota, 1976 ). b To develop and apply measures that. ..
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples