Although intelligence agencies did their best, they were unable to prevent the attacks because the most information was withheld, ignored or distorted. Another reason why the terrorist attacks occurred was lack of application of critical thinking skills. Federal officials ignored the importance of these skills in unblocking communication arteries. In addition, they were unable to invent new ways through which communication could be promoted (Kiltz, 2009). Although the United States had been warned concerning the terrorist attacks, most leaders failed to perform their duties to ensure that these attacks were avoided.
An example of this is the Homeland Security secretary, known as Michael Chertoff. He was among many other leaders that failed in their duties by ignoring the threats of terrorist attacks. Being the president’ s chief advisor on matters concerning disasters, he was unable to execute appropriate organizational decisions. Due to his dormancy during the attacks, soldiers were unable to access the necessary supplies and equipment that would be useful in preventing attacks. It was therefore difficult for them to respond to the terrorist attacks. All these are indications that Michael Chertoff lacked critical thinking skills.
His inadequacies were also the reason why he was unable to analyze, interpret and evaluate necessary information in helping to curb the problems that were experienced in the U. due to Hurricane Katrina (Kiltz, 2009). The problems experienced during Hurricane Katrina and those experienced in the 9/11 attacks were a clear indication of inadequate preparedness and lack of critical thinking skills among the leaders. America was unable to eradicate large-scale disasters (Peerbolte & Collins, 2011). It is recommended that a critical thinking curriculum is provided for American students pursuing courses that entail the provision of security.
Most universities have developed degree programs concerning homeland management. The main reason for this is to ensure that all students are well equipped with critical and thinking skills that would enable them to deal with disastrous situations.
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