According to Gandhi (p10 CH2), swadeshi or self-reliance can be exercised by the Indians with an aim of declining all trade dealings with the British, if the British do not meet their demands. He further describes partition as an awakening call, which sends a message to the British that the Indian’ s have the will from unrests, meaning that they are discontented. Gandhi continues to argue that, India has to reject the western civilization in order to be free, claiming that western civilization is not only unfit for India, but it is unhealthy as well.
Gandhi (p14 ch4) criticizes the British parliament as a sterile woman or a prostitute, one whose members are concerned about their powers than the welfare of the public. Gandhi bases his arguments on truth and non-violence. Importantly, his political views also pointed to the prevention of concentration of political power in the hands of few individuals; he preferred that political power is distributed to many, therefore adopting a democratic nature. Economic power should also be in the hands of many compared to few in order to ensure that competition and exploitation are minimized. When production is based on need rather than greed, poverty can be eradicated; Indians would also realize the dignity of labor, which improves productivity.
Gandhi also insists on self-reliance by Indians in their villages, religion and the nation at large. The absence of oppression by the British or among the Indians in terms of language, race, gender or religion would have a positive impact on their social life. However, Gandhi insists on resistance where necessary but discourages violence and co weirdness as well. Gandhi (p27 CH 10) insists that foreigners do not destroy a nation; socially, he attributed to an interaction between different communities and religions, insisting on peace and harmony.
He also argues that receiving English education would enslave India, emphasizing that the English books ought to be translated into Indian language, as they were useful.
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