Characteristics of person-centred therapy have the following attributes, characterising the therapy. Therapist- client contact – the contact occurs psychologically where the therapist and the client become psychologically attached to one another. The necessity of this contact remains to enable the therapist to understand the conditions facing the client, consequently providing solutions to the same problems(Cepeda & Davenport, 2006). Through this contact, both individuals become engaged in a similar problem, an aspect which induces the sharing of problems. Client in-congruence – an in-congruence must be understood to exist between the experiences of the client and the awareness of these experiences.
This remains fundamental in providing the psychiatrist with the essential understanding of the causes to the experienced challenges, and consequently developing approaches which can ensure minimisation or elimination of the discrepancies(Lyon, Rodgers, & Tausch, 2013). The perceptions of the client regarding the issues facing him to become clearly defined. Therapist genuineness – in administering treatment utilising this approach, a relationship becomes established between the client and the therapist. The therapist must remain genuine in this relationship and not pretend as such would induce doubt upon the client, making the client withhold essential information regarding the condition.
The therapist must become fully involved and generate solutions from personal experiences. Therapist unconditional positive regard – the therapist must maintain an impartial attitude of accepting the client without judgement, acceptance or rejection, unconditionally. This psychologically impacts the clients, consequently changing their perceptions regarding the therapists, and ultimately becoming actively engaged within a relationship. This relationship results in the sharing of personal information between the client and therapist, an essential element in assisting the therapist to comprehend the client’ s perceptions and experiences.
Therapist empathic understanding – this remains the fundamental element defining the person-centred therapy. The therapist must create an empathic understanding of the client’ s condition through the conditional relationship induced within the therapy(Prochaska & Norcross, 2007).
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