Plant life plays a significant role in the sustainability of environmental changes and has an important ecological, aesthetic, social, and economic value. The distribution of forest composition and tree species will experience a tremendous change in the future owing to human activities. In essence, the decrease in the Tropical rainforests may have negative effects on the net carbon storage and primary productivity (Chang et al. Conversely, it is worthy to note that the average growth of vegetation cover remains relatively stable. However, there remain significant patterns of growth for different species. A variation occurs in reproduction and death, besides growth and birth of species.
Therefore, forest population remains dynamic because of the rate at which the distribution of forest cover might change under the prospect of global warming. The shift in forest population depends on the species-specific responses to climate change. Fundamentally, there exist some species of trees, which can respond positively to climate change. The forest’s dominant species can respond to the effects of global warming and, therefore, survive adversity to give a change in the forest composition. For instance, climate change in Colorado Island led to the decrease in certain tree species and on the other hand, an upsurge in the population of certain tree species (Anthony et al. Tropical forests increase the biodiversity of the environment; however, climate change and global warming continue to threaten the existence of the same forests to the extent that the concentration of the carbon in the environment continues to rise.
As such, some species of the tree can respond to the changes while others die off, and this precipitates the wiping out of the plant life if the long-term effects of global warming remain unchanged.
Variations in climate affect the rate of growth of trees, as the same trees do not get the optimum conditions to respond to the vagaries of nature. Constant and unpredictable climate change is born out of the global warming. Essentially, with the looming global warming, the predictability of the climate will be difficult and the world is prone to suffer from constant floods and higher temperatures. Global warming also leads to the rise in sea level because the higher temperature melts the icebergs (Wolff et al. Tropical forests have a wide array of green plants
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