In order to understand different institutions and their respective roles in the society, it is necessary to situate them historically. This means that just like other things of the society the roles of different institutions and professions also changes with the passage of time and one can only get an insight and understanding of different aspects of that particular institution through understanding the historical generalization factor that have contributed to the changes that are occurred over the time. If we take into account the historical generalization factor of the nursing profession, we will get to know that it has experienced an upward development and progression over time.
(Mason-Whitehead, 2008) In the past, most of the nurses were considered to provide only labour work for the help and looking after of a patient in the hospital, but with the passage of time their role has been changed from an individual hospital working nurse to a community nurse, where they are vested with certain additional responsibilities along with their existing responsibilities of taking care of the patients. The community nurses are promoting the health care awareness and basic health care knowledge among the people of different communities and especially among the backward and potentially ignored segment of the society, i.e.
the women. They act as an educator in the society and teach the basic healthcare issues and incorporate the health promotion and disease prevention. With the help of their efforts and contribution to the healthcare sector every house will get a trained and educated nurse to look after and take care of the elders and children of their family. This has changed the overall culture of the nursing profession and helps the society to improve their living standards by having an educated and well trained nurse in every house for their lifespan.
(Lee and Collin, 2005) The paper will further discuss the importance of healthcare knowledge and its implication throughout different stages of a person’s life, i.e. from birth to older adults because the World Health Organization (WHO) has defined the health as “the state of a person’s mental, physical and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or illness from his body”.
This means that a person’s health condition can be strongly affected by the socio-economical and political conditions of the society. The paper will help us in understanding these different social factors of the community that can directly influence the healthcare of the people.
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