Societal norms also explain responsibilities of individual towards the betterment of society and also help people to work and behave in a society. Many people voluntary take part in corporate social responsibility acts and help people to deal with their mental health problems and other daily life problems, therefore having basic understanding of health and social care is good for all (McAlister, Perry, & Parcel, 2008). In today’s world people are engaging in many health damaging activities and smoking is one of them. They know about the negative consequences of this health damaging habit but still doing it.
The reason behind this attitude is different from person to person but most of the time the reason lies in psychological factors. People smoke to reduce their stress and tension, and sometime to socialize with others. No matter why people smoke, it is a health damaging activity and has harmful effect on human health. Health psychology aims to explore behaviours and experiences that creates illness or gives healthy life and have impact on human body. It also proposes ways of modifying health care activities and polices.
Health psychologists develop methods of overcoming additions in order to prevent illness and promote health. The study of the relationship between individual traits and illness helps health psychologists to find out the root cause behind illness (Brocki, & Wearden, 2006). Many factors such as lifestyle, economic condition, culture, and society also plays an important role in developing unhealthy behaviours. Health psychology identifies reasons behind mental illness and helps patients to recover from illness. Furthermore, health psychologists investigate how certain disease affects people’s psychological health. An ill or injured person faces many diverse emotions which increase the problem by causing depression or by lowering individual’s self-esteem.
Health psychology helps to identify ways to lower the impacts of these emotions and also assists people towards improving their life. Along with mental health problems health psychology also helps people in their social and behavioural problems because all are interlinked with each other. The relationship between physical and psychological processes is knows as psychophysiology (Michie, et. al, 2009). It is an important area of psychology and many researchers work on this area to find out how human perceptions affect health and behaviour.
Human perception and thinking stimulates many hormones and enzymes that bring changes in our bodies.
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