In the healthcare field, there are four types of health assessment: comprehensive health assessment, ongoing partial, focused and emergency health assessment. Comprehensive health assessment forms the basis of clinical practice. This assessment is carried out the instant a patient is admitted to a healthcare institution or facility. On the other hand, health assessments which are done periodically represent the ongoing partial assessment. In order to focus on a specific problem, a focused health assessment is carried out on the patient. Also, Taylor, Lillis, and LeMone (1990) implied that an emergency health assessment is only carried on a patient to figure out fatal conditions.
These types of assessments each help the professional to identify potential and actual health risks, patient care needs. Also, the process helps nurses in treatment and care options and decision making. The quality of data used in undertaking health assessments is directly proportional to the quality of life, health outcomes and safety of the patients. During a health history assessment, the health professional or nurse should focus on the patient’ s lifestyle, family history, the present illness’ s history, his/her previous medical history, biographical data and the patient’ s reason for looking for help in the facility.
This implies that the patient himself/herself is the primary sourc4e of information. Therefore, the nurse should try as much as possible to put emphasis on the patient to give out all the information correctly. Moreover, a history assessment enables the nurse to establish rapport with the patient’ s family. This is quite significant for healthcare professionals. In a social and psychological examination, emotional health and intellectual health are the main areas for assessment.
Cognitive function assessment, checking for delusions, hallucinations, measuring/ finding out the patient’ s concentration levels, his/her interests and hobbies make up an intellectual assessment. Additionally, an emotional assessment is necessary. Under this concept, a patient is asked how he feels and how he reacts to the feelings
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