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Analysis of The Room Play of Harold Pinter

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The general analysis of Harold Pinter's works has been one of the main interests of any critics. It seems that there is a disagreement among his critics. Many critics regard him as one of the main figures of the Theatre of the Absurd who used many tactics derived from Kafka and Hemingway and they call him “ absurdist” , “ existentialist” playwright. Some of them believe that we cannot find the sense of absurdity in all of his plays, therefore; we can not prove that he is a mere absurdist dramatist. The aim of this essay is to show the sense of absurdity in Pinter’ s first play named “ The Room” (Culik, 2000).

The Theatre of the Absurd: absurd in this term means that man is an absurd creature and human's life is without any purpose or meaning, man does not believe in god and religion anymore, he is lost and all his actions become senseless, absurd and useless (Crabb, 2006). Existentialism: this term is usually associated with the “ Absurdism” . It claims that God is dead, therefore; man is left alone in this meaningless universe and all of his questions about human's existence remain unanswered (Crabb, 2006).

Comedy of Menace: It is a kind of comedy which is mixed with horrific or tragic images, and by this, dramatist wants to show the situation which seems to be like a trap but, he does not want to show the solution (Crabb, 2006). The Room is Pinter's first play, written and first produced in 1957 (Pinter, web, 2004). Some critics claim that Pinter is absolutely absurd as they see the first side; while, on the contrary, some other critics deny Pinter as being an absurdist writer because they see the other side.

For example, Philip Hope-Wallace (1986) regards Pinter's works as absolutely absurd, saying that: “ These Pinter pieces, variously amusing according to taste, and often fraught with fashionable commodity menace, are not really ‘ about’ anything. ” Dr. F.Pourgiv proves the absurdity of The Birthday Part in his essay (Gale, 1972).  

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