The gun control issue and electionsThe gun control issue is a very important one and is used by the parties and candidates to different posts before the elections. The representatives of the parties believe, that promotion or ban of certain laws, which deal with gun control, may contribute to their victories at elections. In 1994 the ban for the assault weapons in the US Code was adopted for 10 years, which was one of the most significant acts of gun control, as it influenced the production of manufactures of 19 models of guns.
The Democrats were sure, that their support of the ban was the reason they lost control in Congress during the next elections in favor of Republicans, who mostly were in opposition to the ban. So in 10 years, when the period of the ban expired, it was never repeated again. 4 years later (in 2008) the U. S. Supreme Court abolished another act, which dealt with the ownership of guns, stating that according to the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States every individual had the right to keep a gun at home ("Gun Control vs.
Gun Rights"). Some organizations, which "fight" for gun rights, invest in future candidates, so that they can support the gun rights legislation when they are in power. More than $70 million has been spent by the gun rights groups for the past 25 years to support the candidates to official posts. Legislation for gun controlThe main Federal Acts, which regulate the possession of the firearms in the US are: The National Firearms Act (first adopted in 1934, with amendments), which requires the registration of production and distribution of all the firearms, and imposes taxes on their production and distribution (Sowell); The Gun Control Act (first adopted in 1968, with amendments), which requires the registration and getting the license for all the businesses, which produce and sell firearms; defines the categories of people, who can buy and keep guns; prohibits the mail-order sales between states and other interstates sales of guns; requires registration and maintaining records for all gun sales, and performing the checks for those, who do not have license before they can buy a gun (Sowell).
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