Guerrilla warfare can keep the enemy under constant pressure, by attacking in small groups, using camouflage and the weapons, captured from the enemy, while still allowing escape with a relatively fewer number of casualties. The main objective is political, by demoralizing the target populations, or government. A few examples include the chopping off of limbs in internal African rebellions, or the suicide bombings in Israel and Sri Lanka. Whatever tactics are used, the guerrilla primarily lives to fight for another day and to widen his political support and force, and not to take hold of a specific region or territory only.
SURPRISE AND INTELLIGENCE: Successful guerrilla warfare cannot be achieved by using intelligence and surprise. Before any attack on the enemy, a detailed study of the target’ s disposition, weaponry and morale are done. There are many ways of using intelligence in guerrilla warfare. A steady flow of useful information is gathered from the sympathizers and the collaborators, Employment or admission as a student may be carried out near to the targeted area, Infiltration of the community organizations may be carried out and Even romantic relationships may be used as a part of the guerilla intelligence tactic.
Intelligence also means having good information of the public sources, from the flight schedules of the targeted airlines, to public announcements of the visiting foreign delegations, or information about the Army Field Manuals. Now the internet has made the collection of such data much easier than before. For a particular target, the on-spot reconnaissance is vital for operational planning. This involves the information like the routes of entry and exit, the structure of the building, location of the phone and other communication lines, presence of the security personnel and lot of other factors as well.
Regarding surprise, it is explained in terms that if an operation has been betrayed or compromised, it is usually called off immediately. Relationship with the civil population: The relationship with the civil population depends upon the fact that whether the guerrillas are operating among a hostile or a friendly population.
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