The Greek society was patriarchal in nature and this was reflected in their culture and language. The society of the gods was governed and guided by a clearly patriarchal pecking order. The Greek god’ s society is called a Pantheon and consists of Protogenoi, the Titan, the children of Kronos and the Olympian gods, the spirits and sea-gods. The Protogenoi are the original/primordial gods from whom all other gods originated and are a family. Zeus, a male god is the father of all the gods and the head of the family. His wife Hera is female and the mother of all the gods and the living.
There are also other created god such as the Khaos (god off the air), Nyx (god of the night) and Eris (god of strife). The most commonly worshiped gods were the Olympians followed by followed by gods that related to occupation and craft, as they were needed for success in daily life. These gods were patrons to things that related to their gender. Zeus is the father of all the gods but he himself also had a father called Cronos/Kronos who had wanted to swallow him up according to Hesiod.
Mothers who are feminine and fathers who are masculine father many of the gods. An exception to this rule is Hera’ s son who was self-procreated without a father and therefore had not father but was still subject to Zeus as a son since his mother was his wife. The Greek language is divided into the masculine and the feminine. This is because the masculine denotes some characteristics that are associated with the power, dominance and force.
The feminine is associated with life, nurture and love. This is derived from the Greek understanding of the character and essence of the male and female gender and is reflected in the way their gods are described. The Greeks believed that their language originated with the gods and was therefore superior in nature. They believed that the gods spoke in Greek but were also able to communicate in any language they wished since they were gods. The gods spoke just like the ordinary human both to themselves and to their human subjects.
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