The abstract briefly describes what the researchers did and the results of the study. The abstract gives a better understanding of what has been done which gives the reader an understanding of the relevance of the study. The introduction gives an outline of the problem or issue being studied, summarizes any existing research that was done before the current study, gives the research question and/or the objectives and the hypotheses. The method section describes techniques that were used to conduct the study. In this section, the reader will find information on the design, sample, environment that was used and the data collection method and the analysis of the research.
The qualitative method provides information about the experiences that people have in many situations. In healthcare, this research can show how patients feel and it can provide information about other cultures, genders, and on special populations like immigrants or those with a specific disease like HIV/AIDS (Davies and Logan, 2008). Qualitative research is the area in which most survey research will be defined although there are times when it can be used in quantitative research.
The reason it works well for surveys is that the research questions will "investigate the meanings of a social or human issue within a particular context in order to build a complex, holistic picture" (Davies and Logan, 2008, p. The inductive analysis is important to this method because it allows the researcher to work from specific data they may have to form broader, more abstract conclusions. This method also allows the researcher to be more flexible in understanding all of the aspects of the human subject from their attitudes and feelings to their experiences.
There are several types of qualitative research that include: Phenomenology research describes an experience that people lived and is usually done in philosophy or psychology. Grounded theory tests a theory that is already based on some type of data, often used in sociology. Ethnography research examines cultures or subcultures as they are used in anthropology. Participatory action research is done to empower a group or solve problems and is used in critical social theory or conflict theory. Case study research is done to understand social phenomena in real life situations, often used in urban studies or political science; historical research was done in history and it discovers facts and studies their relationship to past events (Davies and Logan, 2008).
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