There is a considerable number of theories that were developed that explored the phenomenon of motivation. This paper will utilize one of them which was created by Abraham Maslow. It recognizes that people have different needs, but the latter should be placed in different categories, according to their nature. The first of them are physiological needs. As one can easily guess from the very name, physiological needs are the needs that are experienced by the body such as eating, drinking or sleeping (Eysenck, 2004). The next category of needs that is located above the first level includes safety needs.
This means a person has to be sure that there is certain stability in one’ s life. For example, an individual does not want to experience any violence from other people (Egan, 2007). In addition to that, every person wants to feel some security in other aspects of one’ s life such as work or relationships. As a result, this will all contribute to the sense of security and will greatly improve one’ s life. For example, finding food might satisfy one’ s physiological needs for a short period of time, but securing a stable source of food is even better. The third level that is above the first to focuses on social needs.
It is generally thought that a human being as a social creature; that is why it is somewhat questionable that social needs become the third in the hierarchy. However, this can be easily explained by the fact that they form a new level of needs, a higher one (Unrau, 2007). So, it is quite logical that the first needs of a higher level are social which include belonging, love and affects.
While it is note the entire spectrum of the feelings that people can feel towards each other, but these are the major social interactions that matter for happiness of a person. After physiological, safety and social needs were satisfied, a person may still need more. This higher kind of needs deals with esteem which consists of two elements: external and internal (Smoke, 2005).
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