The term globalization as used in most popular and academic debate is a complex and befuddling. It tends to call forth a sense changelessness, which is never fully realized yet always in the process of being realized. Having said this globalization is very much real and not just a figment of the imagination. The challenge undertaken in this paper is to relate globalization with structure and agency and demystify its complex processes. To accomplish this daunting task it is imperative to ask not what globalization can explain, but how to justify and elucidate the phenomena widely identified as evidence of globalization.
There is no single explanation that can define the process of globalization. The term has been used by different people with different interests and for different purposes. Sociologists, political scientists, business leaders and scholars, economists, organization theorists, and other scholars, including public administrators have different views on the topic. Therefore, two points require attention at this point. Firstly, as phenomenon globalization has been around for many decades and there is nothing novel about the concept of globalization. A similar phenomenon has occurred in colonized countries of the world.
The only thing different this time around is that even developed countries, including the United States, are facing the challenges posed by globalization and its negative effects. Secondly, different people view globalization differently. It is considered to be an advance towards a fully integrated global market by economists; while political scientists consider it a step away from the traditionally formed concept of the state with territorial sovereignty, and the creation of a boundary-less world. All discussions of globalization deal with the question of borders, territoriality, and legal and economic constraints and possibilities that relate to governance and organization. Globalization is called forth as a process without an agent.
This, it need hardly be noted, is highly suited to the comfort of politicians, who wish to legalize otherwise unpleasant social and economic reforms.
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