Global warming has many profound effects on the atmosphere and the environment of the entire globe. It has a wide range of effects and has been associated with many hazards. The melting of glaciers, floods, droughts, and corrosion are the major effects of global warming. It is said that the greenhouse gases do not pass the surfaces of the earth and stay in the troposphere of the earth. And basically these greenhouse gases cause the troposphere to have an increase in temperature. This can result in the melting of glaciers as well as polar ice which can then result in having an effect on the entire ecological structure of the world.
The melting can result in increased water and hence subsequent drainage of this water in the sea. Hence, there is a rise in the sea levels with the melting of the ice of these glaciers. And due to this many small islands could be wiped out from the map of this world due to flooding and a rise in the sea level. The climatic conditions prevailing in the world can be termed as ‘ unstable’ that have resulted due to the impact of global warming.
This unstable climatic condition throughout the world has sparked out new diseases. For instance, the floods caused by global warming can lead to an increase in the spread of malaria. The harming effect of the changing climatic conditions in the world can be clearly evidenced by the increasing number of floods throughout the world. In 1998 the number of countries which received a flood was 55. The heat waves throughout the world have increased since the 1950s and have killed a billion people.
In 2003 a heatwave that hit Europe killed around 35000 people. Similarly, coral reefs form an important part of the environment but recently they also have been affected by the climatic conditions. In March 2006 it was found that a whole colony of Caribbean corals was lost. This shows how lethal the effect of Global Warming can get. Similarly, the strong winds prevailing on the surface of the sea have caused dead zones to arise. These dead zones consist of a low oxygen area.
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