Besides, it is advised that protected sex be emphasized to prevent the transmission of the virus, which is easily transmitted through contact with the genitals or fluids from genital ulcers. Moreover, oral sex and other physical contact between a healthy person and a carrier of the virus are known to cause transferring of the virus and hence transmitting HSV-2. The rampant rise in the cases of infections of herpes in the US as stated within the general objective of preventing sexually transmitted infection in Healthy People 2020 that presents the main challenge in realizing the objective.
Many new infections are experienced annually, especially within the sexually active population, because despite protective measures being adopted, any simple contact with genitals of an infected person may ultimately lead to transmission of the virus. Target Population and Setting This research study focuses on studying genital herpes among women, especially those within the age bracket between 14-49 years of age. The reason for selection of this segment of the population is that this age bracket is very active sexually, and is therefore at higher risk of contracting the infection.
It is an ascertained fact that adolescent girls as well as young women run a higher risk of developing long term and adverse effects from STIs (‘healthy people 2020’, 2011). The limitation of resources as well as time necessitates this study to be conducted using a rather narrow sample population. This paper therefore focuses on young adults within the home-based care centers as well as within nursing homes. The young women within such settings are more susceptible to contracting the genital herpes infection due to their sexual activity.
Young people in the modern generation are becoming sexually active at alarmingly young ages and this increases the risk of them contacting the disease. Besides, according to a report by the CDC, women easily contract STI during sexual intercourse especially the penetrative as compared to the rate of transmission from women to men (Center for disease control and prevention, 2013). In fact, statistics show that in the US, one among five women within the age bracket stated has contacted genital herpes while one among nine men has contracted the disease.
These statistics therefore explain the focus of this study on young women, especially those within the tertiary level of education. Sexual activities are typically rampant within the institutions of higher learning and hence our focus on the primary health care services of such institutions.
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