What is clear from the basic difference between sex and gender is that the former marks the germination of a being while the latter performs the task of transforming that being to an individual. In this sense, gender can be seen as the most crucial factor for building responsible societies where each person is aware of his/her tasks and duties. Needless to mention, gender roles must be flexible and act in a synchronous manner to the morphologies of society. Since no society is static in its cultural assimilation and development, a person’ s role is subject to radical transformation.
In today’ s world of the globalized economy, professional as well as household responsibilities are shared frequently by both parents, as child-rearing is no longer a monopoly of mothers just as caregivers’ jobs can be performed by men as well. More importantly, women in the United States and other developed countries are now appointed in professions that have historically viewed as masculine. For instance, the construction industry in the US has historically been dominated by men. Yet in 2002, 9 percent of the total workforce comprised of women workers (Berik and Bilginsoy 2006).
This empirically proves the paradigmatic shift in gender responsibilities in the country. In the context of racial segregation that prevailed in many parts of the globe until very recently, it may be noted that there is a fundamental difference between race and gender. While gender is not discriminatory, the race is (Chancer and Watkins 2006:49). In other words, gender nonconformity is born of cultural orientations and not of class distinctions. The pedantic association between gender and sex has nothing to do with racial issues in that the latter does not share any correlation between the traits of masculinity and femininity.
While the class distinction is rooted in decidedly broader socio-political frameworks, gender identities render a far more subjective sense of belonging.
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