Unlike before, gender is related more on the cultural perceptions rather than the biological setup of an individual. Sexuality has evolved into a socially constructed concept. Gender is defined to be the psychological, social and cultural aspect of maleness and femaleness. This implies that socialization has a big impact on gender identification. The concept of gender is a process, it changes between the years of its study. Prior to recent developments, gender is closely related to the biological and social concept of sexuality. This shows that gender is not a fixed concept.
It varies from the cultural and social perspectives of its study. As it encompasses all individuals of all social structures, gender is a multilevel phenomenon (Wharton, 7). Social processes and social institutions both shape and are shaped by gender. The study of gender has opened the roads to the study of feminism. In fact, most gender studies are about females than males. But gender is not only about feminism or masculinity, but it is also about identity. The structure of society is based mainly on power. There’ s the economic structure defining people as an upper class, middle class and lower class.
There’ s the education level, graduates, undergraduates and those who weren’ t even able to experience formal education. Because of the structuring of our society, gender is on the edge of becoming another source of power structuring. This has always been prevented by feminism and such, wherein gender is proposed to be a fair ground between different individuals. But then, society identifies individuals as males, females and the homosexuals (which includes gays and lesbians). This social identification alone is enough to create power plays within the concept.
Gender differences have affected both the social and political construct of gender. Withstanding the biological differences, the social differences of gender lies on how gender is seen and believed to be within the culture. The importance of the roles and responsibilities of gender impacts how society defines the importance of different genders.
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