The problems appeared within the society are related to the decisions of governments under the influence of specific financial and political interests. Foucault’ s approaches when describing the problems of people in modern society could be characterized as quite descriptive; metaphors are also often used in order to present a specific condition. As an example, in Birth of a Prison, Foucault refers to an ‘ imaginary’ town in which life of all people is depended on the decisions of the ‘ syndic’ that has the power to supervise a specific part of the town.
It is within this context that the term ‘ absolute’ is described: this term means that there are no chances available to the people of the city; they have to obey to the rules of the government and accept the supervision of the syndic as part of their daily life. The above issues present an example of the way Foucault handles difficult social problems: he creates a ‘ story’ (imaginary one in most cases) and develop it in accordance with the issues that he wishes to highlight. On the other hand, the conditions of the story mentioned above seem to be pre-arranged; there is no reference to alternative options; all the aspects of lives of people within the ‘ imaginary’ town are pre-decided and there is no option of changing the rules.
Somehow, people seem to be ‘ trapped’ within a way of life with no chance of escaping; the specific approach could be regarded as too pessimistic however it is in accordance with modern way of life. Maybe the town of Foucault in Birth of a Prison is imaginary (according to him) but there is a close relevance with modern cities so that most of the issues developed in the work of Foucault respond to the reality.
In accordance with the above, Foucault uses specific contexts – usually imaginary stories (that have many common elements with the reality) – in order to comment on the negative aspects of people’ s lives. When developing his ideas he usually refers to specific terms to which he gives a particular content (an example is a term absolute as it has been used by Foucault in the Birth of the Prison).
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