This study aims to establish whether or not foster children that received improved or high quality relationship from the foster parents can develop secure attachment. It will try to establish definitive structure of a “quality relationship” and “secure attachment” and how these could be developed in a foster care setting. Likewise, it will also distinguish foster parental from professional foster care in relation to caring foster children in the process. This study will be relevant as a guide for future and present caregivers, whether foster parents or professional care providers for children from infanthood to pre-school or even schooling children.
Dozier et al (2001) suggested that it is necessary to establish attachment quality “because it reflects the quality of the (children’s) relationship with the caregiver and […] it is associated with the child’s later interpersonal functioning. Likewise, the three aspects: internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior and trouble with peers shall also be considered in this research as these are qualitative factors that define the aim of this study. Marcus (1991) established that children are “placed in foster care when any local Department of Social Services and the courts have determined that current parental care for those children has fallen below acceptable community standards and the child is at risk to be harmed. ” While Ericksona and Egeland (1987) proposed that “foster care may be haven from further neglect or abuse, ” it is possible that child may bring to this arrangement the sequel of maltreatment, including feelings of rejection, lowered self-esteem, mistrust and resentment. Marcus (1991) provided for basis of quality care in the form of social supports, perception of affection from adults, and the quality of children’s relationship with adults and friends so that results showed “behavior and school achievement problems were predictable from measures of the quality of attachment with parents. In a related study, Dozier et al (2001) proposed that babies entering foster care are tasked to form attachments to new primary caregivers so that they organize their attachment behavior around the availability of their new caregivers.
With available caregivers in times of need, babies develop expectations that caregivers will be available when needed in the future. Sroufe (1989) further added that the
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