The Ogoni, Ijaw among other communities in the Niger Delta, those who have been adversely affected for decades attempting to fight for themselves, their ecological and their central human and economic rights. The Nigerian administrations and oil corporations have reacted by cruelly silencing the dissenting voices. According to the Human Rights Watchdog, international oil corporations are normally linked to the violations committed by the Nigerian military and police. There have been many explicit instances of company motivations in the. Nigerian military suppressing the dissenters. The military have been blamed of thousands of killings, deliberate house/village burnings, torture, and menacing people, amid others.
From Royal Dutch’s involvement in the murder of Ken-Saro-Wiwa to Chevron emblazoned choppers ferrying Nigerian military that opened fire on protestors, the activities have been dealing with the situation Should U. S. Help Nigeria reform its legal framework to the sustainable environmental conservation? The Crude Oil petroleum from the Niger Delta accounts for more than 85 percent of the whole exports and foreign exchange of Nigeria. On the other hand, the oil commerce in the Niger Delta has been marked with destruction, human rights violations and anxiety to the majority of the people in the oil-rich region.
Environmental degradation and destruction caused by oil commerce have amounted to abuses of the rights to health and a healthy ecology. According to Amnesty International, the Niger Delta is one of the world’s most essential wetland and coastal marine habitats. It is also home to 31 million Nigerians. On the other hand, it is also the site of enormous oil reserves, that have been extracted for decades by the administration of Nigeria and by international oil corporations.
Crude oil has yielded a projected US 600 billion since the 1960s. In spite of this, the Nigerian citizens who live in the oil producing regions have to drink, cook and wash in contaminated water, and consume fish polluted with oil and other toxins. The scope of pollution and ecological destruction has never been appropriately assessed and/ or regulated. In the Niger Delta, hundreds of spills take place each year. According to UNDP reports, over 6, 800 spills were documented between 1976 and 2001(Omorogbe 67-87). The oil industry is the prevalent and major producer of gross domestic product in Nigeria.
Since the discovery and drilling of oil in Nigeria in Nigeria, it is projected that over 10 million barrels have been spilled.
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