Presently, different modernized agricultural techniques are used in relation to mechanization, fertilizers as well as irrigation in order to increase food production (APLNJ, 2014; Brown & Sovacool, 2011). In this regard, there are different factors accountable for the increased concerns towards the issues of feeding the growing population. The issues are described hereunder. Human Population Estimated Population Growth Source: (FAO, n.d. ) Presently, it has been identified that the growing population has been the major problem in relation to feed the world population. It has been estimated that human population will rise in an augmented manner as in comparison with food production.
Besides, it has been forecasted that the population will be over 9 billion by the end of 2050 (Shah, 2001; FAO, n.d. ). World Poverty The issue of feeding the world population is also associated with the factor of poverty. Presently, the rate of inflation has affected all over the world with increased prices of food products owing to inappropriate economic as well as international trade policies. Additionally, increased food prices will require the people to spend almost half of their income in meeting their food requirements (Shah, 2001).
Global Warming Global warming is also considered as an important factor responsible for the issue of meeting the food requirement of increased population. Global warming has posed different threats for the global environment in relation to increased temperature and changes in climatic conditions. Climate change has been accountable for decline in the yield of food production and different extreme weather conditions in a frequent manner (The Economist Newspaper Limited, 2012; Shah, 2001). Inappropriate Agricultural Practices The growing population has increased the need of augmenting food products. In this regard, different chemical companies as well as industries based on agricultural businesses have promoted synthetic fertilizers and the use of chemicals for increasing food production.
Subsequently, the use of chemical based fertilizers has unfavorably affected soil quality, which in return has affected agricultural yields (Shah, 2001). Measures to Overcome the Feeding the Growing World Population Agriculture has been a prime factor accountable for global warming for different factors that include deforestation and increased use of modern mechanization for farming.
Respectively, agriculture is identified to adversely affect the ecosystem of the earth.
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