And in other cases involuntary if the migration is as a result of trafficking and response to political instability, natural disaster or armed conflict (Boyd and Grieco, 2003). It is still not clear as to who on behalf of the family makes the decision to migrate to different countries. The interaction between the family hierarchies and the decision to migrate is a highly interactive relationship that determines where the family migrates to and for how long. In other cases, forced migration has nothing to do with the family relations. An English boy who flees his home to avoid harassment and sexual abuse or a Somali girl who crosses the border at night due to the hostility in their country do not have the time to consider the strictures of family attachments and relations. In cases of political and social hostilities such as the case of the Somali migrants the women suffer immensely through the migration journey from the harsh conditions of little food and water and extreme temperatures.
The interaction with the potentially dangerous and harmful conditions as well as the use of false identification documents leads to imprisonment of women and children or restriction to refugee camps that have extremely poor social arrangements.
The women therefore take up the responsibility of both parents as their husbands are left fighting the wars (El-Bushra and Fish, 2004). Gender relations are built on the foundation of proper social facilities that allow individuals in society to willingly and effectively participate in the completion of societal tasks. Natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes and droughts, destroy the necessary facilities for social interaction and actualisation of social responsibilities and roles.
Families are therefore required to unprepared move to safer grounds on a short notice (Lean Lim et al. The women and children in militia camps and refugee stations run the risk of sexual violence during the displacement process which keeps the migrants in constant fear of each other and of the society in general. This cripples the level of gender interaction and participation among the immigrants. An example of this form of gender relation pollution is the case of sexual violence in Chad where the women who became pregnant out of rape feared to report the same due to the resultant stigma 2005).
Despite the fact that the sexual violence raids were perpetrated by the host communities, none
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples